The skin gets it characteristic color from melanin, a pigment produced by skin cells called melanocytes. There can be a loss of pigmentation cells, resulting in hypo-pigmentation – like in vitiligo, or one can have hyper-pigmentation, an excessive production of the pigmentation.
Causes of pigmentation problems include damage from UV radiation, hormone alterations from contraceptive pills and pregnancy, inflammations, etc.
The usual pigmentation problems experienced are due to hyper-pigmentation that results in flat, irregular dark patches on the upper lips, forehead, shoulders, arms, and décolletage.
While most people first waste time trying out various potentially-toxic bleaching creams and home remedies, but a visit to an experienced dermatologist will help in getting better results. Depending on the extent of treatment required, chemical peels are one of the treatments of choice and involve applying a mildly acidic solution to the skin to remove the upper surface layers. The abnormal skin eventually blisters off and reveals an evenly pigmented skin underneath.
Another anti-pigmentation procedure that has been in use for many years has been with lasers. Though they provide the same effect as chemical peels, laser therapy tends to be more precise providing the dermatologist with more control and zapping the needed areas with the correct intensities of high-intensity energy.
Highly-experienced and much-awarded dermatologist like Dr. Rakhavi Midhun provides the best and safest treatments for pigmentation problems in a clean and friendly environment.